Common Causes of Female Infertility

Fertility problems are not uncommon nowadays. If you and your companion have been trying to conceive unsuccessfully for more than 12 months, it is possible you are experiencing fertility problems. Female infertility statistically accounts for up to 60% of these cases. In this post, we’re going to explore some of the most common conditions affecting woman’s fertility.


The most common reason for women being unable to conceive are problems originating with the ovaries. They are affecting around 30% of infertile women. Hormonal issues such as polycystic ovary syndrome are very often the cause. In this case, pregnancy doesn’t happen because the ovaries are failing to release a mature egg.

Fallopian tubes

Problems with the fallopian tubes are the second most common cause of infertility in women. They connect the ovaries to the uterus, and estimation is that issues with the fallopian tubes are the cause of 25% fertility problems in women. From mild adhesions through to complete blockage, doctors treat these conditions with surgery with varying success rates from 30 to 65%.


Endometriosis is a common condition and affects a full 10 percent of women with fertility problems. It’s a problematic condition where tissue that behaves like the lining of the womb grows in different areas of the body. Likewise, these pieces of tissue are often found in the lining of the pelvis behind the uterus, on the ovaries and covering the top of the vagina.


Doctors estimate that an abnormal uterus causes at least 10% of all cases of infertility in women. Conditions such as fibroid polyps and endometriosis can lead to an obstruction of the uterus and fallopian tubes.

Unexplained causes of female infertility

One-quarter of all cases are just inexplicable. They may be the consequence of lifestyle preferences such as smoking, drinking, and substance abuse. In addition, weak diet and too much stress can play a significant role. It can be frustrating for the 25% of women who don’t seem to have a firm diagnosis.

If you worry about your fertility levels, the first test is usually an analysis of semen. It’s a simple and relatively inexpensive analysis to check the quality of your partner’s sperm cells. Finally, if female infertility is suspected your doctor may order a blood test to check hormone levels and small surgery tests called hysterosalpingogram or a laparoscopy.